Few people know it, but Belgium is the only country in the world to have a permanent assembly of citizens chosen by lot in one of its institutions – the German-speaking Community. This is surprising for a country that is better known for its institutional complexity, its large number of elected representatives and its political and financial scandals. In a context where citizen-voters have never been so distrustful and disillusioned, we offer you an overview of the initiatives that make Belgium a pioneer in democratic innovation. What are their real impacts and what lessons can we learn from them? Can they be reproduced on a larger scale to reinvent a moribund democracy in the four corners of the globe?